Traditional techniques and modern techniques
The unique characteristics of Echizen lacquerware include the techniques of “shibushitaji” and “nuritate” that beautifully finish the lacquerware surface and the “resin lacquerware products” which are industrial lacquerware products.
The technique of “shibushitaji” is the traditional technique used in manufacturing of marumono items such as bowls. This is the method used in the shitaji process where a material made by mixing the kakishibu liquid, jisumi-ko powder and soot of burnt pine is applied to the wood base and then the surface is polished. This applying and polishing is repeated over and over.
The technique of “nuritate” is the technique of applying lacquer with a brush so as to be equal thickness and not leaving brush strokes.
The “resin lacquerware products” are industrial lacquerware products used in Japanese style hotels and restaurants. About 80% of such industrial lacquerware products used in the country are produced in Echizen lacquerware production region.
As you can see, the traditional techniques and the modern techniques are integrated in Echizen lacquerware production region and such integration is what activates and invigorates the lacquerware production in the regions.
The technique of shibushitaji has been used since Edo period.
A material made by mixing the kakishibu liquid and jisumi-ko powder is applied to the daily-use bowls and then the surface is smoothened with a polishing stone. Thereafter, a material made by mixing the kakishibu liquid and soot of burnt pine is applied to the bowl surface and then the surface is smoothened with a polishing stone. These steps are repeated over and over.
The kakishibu liquid becomes very hard when dried and is also a great natural antiseptic agent.
The technique of “nuritate” is used to bring out the beautiful surface glaze. This is a highly sophisticated technique and is also referred to as “hananuri”.
Not like bringing out the glaze by polishing with charcoal in the roiro process, the nuritate technique brings out the natural and original glaze of lacquer.
A well trained skill is required to beautifully finish the surface by evenly applying the lacquer and without having any dusts attaching.
In the manufacturing of resin lacquerware products, since resin is used as the material, various shapes can be formed freely and various colors can be applied by spray coating. The manufacturing of resin lacquerware products started in Echizen area in the middle of Showa period and played a significant role in development of the lacquerware production of the area.
Today, we continue our research on resin lacquerware products and attempt to develop and produce new products that fit our life styles.